Miller Gore Brittain (1912-1968)
FEMALE HEAD (1957)
FEMALE SHOWN TO WAIST (undated and unsigned)
FEMALE NUDE (1964)
Miller Brittain is widely regarded as one of Canada's greatest artists.
He was born in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1912. His first instruction in art began at the age of eleven with Miss E.R. Holt. In 1926 he entered the Saint John Vocational School as an art student. From 1930 to 1932 he studied under Harry Wickey at the Art Students League in New York and for a decade after gained recognition as 'the Canadian Bruegel', by depicting scenes of the inhabitants of his hometown during the depression in a social realist style. In 1942 he joined the R.C.A.F. and flew thirty-seven missions as an air bomber before accepting an appointment as official war artist three years later.
In 1946 he was discharged from the air force and returned to Saint John. Perhaps as a reaction to his wartime experiences, he began a series of biblically inspired works in a very expressive style. His daughter, Jennifer, has said "he invested (the) religious archetypal figures with the humanity and individuality of the people he loved …. and the people he loved with their share of the divine." After his wife's death in 1958, he became increasingly reclusive and eccentric and began producing extremely powerful depictions of archetypal attenuated figures in surreal settings, often transgressing the boundaries, which separate man from nature. It is this last period of his oeuvre which is considered his mature style, for he achieves a fusion between form and content, capturing a spiritual reconciliation between the individual and his environment. He died of a stroke at the age of fifty-six and was awarded posthumously that same year (1968) the Canada Centennial medal for his contribution to Canadian art.
The National Film Board produced an award-winning film of his life in 1981. Brittain's work is held in private collections and a number of art galleries in Canada including the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the National Gallery of Canada and the Canadian War Museum and retrospectives of his work have appeared in various Canadian galleries including the McMichael Canadian Art Collection and the National Gallery of Canada.